National Safe Motherhood Day 2021: Significance, history and other facts you need to know
National Safe Motherhood Day 2021: The basic purpose of observing this day is to make sure that all women get the care they deserve during pregnancy and childbirth.
- Till 2016, India accounted for 15 per cent of the maternal deaths globally.
- Around 44,000 women die every year while giving birth in India
New Delhi: Every year thousands of mothers die across the world during childbirth due to the lack of proper medical care. The high cases of maternal mortality thus prompted the need to raise awareness about proper healthcare and maternity facilities for women.
In this context, National Safe Motherhood Day (NSMD) is observed annually on 11 April in India. The day is dedicated to creating awareness for medical facilities for pregnant and lactating women.
Significance of the day
The day also focuses on reducing cases of anaemia among women, giving the facility of institutional delivery and better pre and post-natal health care facilities.
Every woman has a right to antenatal care during pregnancy and skilled care during childbirth. World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines say that all births should be assisted by skilled health professionals. The timely management and treatment during childbirth can make the difference between life and death for both the mother and the baby.
First National Safe Motherhood Day
In 2003, the Government of India declared April 11, the anniversary of Kasturba Gandhi’s birth, as National Safe Motherhood Day.
The declaration was made at the request of White Ribbon Alliance India (WRAI), an alliance of 1800 organizations. White Ribbon Alliance is a group of international organizations which was formed in an effort to raise awareness of the need to make pregnancy and childbirth safe for all women in both developed and developing countries.
Around 44,000 women die every year while giving birth in India, with Assam having the highest Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) that is 300 per one lakh live births, the government had informed the Rajya Sabha in 2016. Till 2016, India accounted for 15 per cent of the maternal deaths globally.
Key facts about global maternal mortality rate
- Every day in 2017, approximately 810 women died from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.
- Between 2000 and 2017, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) (number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) dropped by about 38 per cent worldwide.
- Ninety-four per cent of all maternal deaths occur in low and lower middle-income countries.
- Young adolescents (ages 10-14) face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women.
- Skilled care before, during and after childbirth can save the lives of women and newborns.